Unless human beings are careful about their surroundings, nature is going to suffer and that will turn out to be the ruin of human civilization. Most of our natural resources have started to dry up and the effects are quite evident in terms of global climate change.
Since the early 1990s, experts have suggested that half of the large lakes and reservoirs have started to dry up. There are some intensifying concerns about water that might have been stored in these lakes or reservoirs for several life-giving purposes like drinking and agriculture. A new study has also indicated that these lakes and reservoirs will keep on drying unless there is a hold on the human behavior which is causing this amount of loss.
Loss Of Water Over The Decades
A team of extremely progressive researchers has reported recently that some of the most important water sources of the world between the Caspian Sea and Lake Titicaca have shown signs of drying up. They are losing water at a cumulative rate of 22 tonnes per year over the last three decades.
This is extremely concerning and immediate steps must be taken in order to get the situation rectified. This is about 17 times the volume of the largest reservoir, located in the United States. This reservoir is known as Lake Mead and it has been reported to lose water as well.
Regions Of Water Loss
The study has suggested that the loss of water from these lakes and reservoirs is not due to simple human activity. Most of these lakes have lost their water levels because of the increasing temperatures all around the world. These have been seen prominently in dried-up lakes like the Aral Sea in Central Asia, the Dead Sea in the Middle Eastern regions, and the lakes of Afghanistan, Egypt, and Mongolia. Water levels have been going down for the last few decades but the progress has been so slow that it was not observed before.
Water levels have been reported to be incremental in a number of lakes too. However, this is due to another human activity. Dam construction has led to the rise of water levels in the Inner Tibetan Plateau. Since these areas are not much afflicted with high water levels, the underlying regions had to face flood-like conditions. This is a very grave situation that should be managed as soon as possible to save humanity on Earth.
The main reason for this concern is due to the fact that 87% of the Earth’s freshwater sources are stored in these reservoirs. It is known that 3% of the water surface is actually filled with drinking water sources. The report was based on the data which was collected between 1992 and 2020. These reports are quite eligible and they are found by these groups based on the satellite image data collected over these years. Most experts have suggested that these effects are due to human activities of destruction around the world. Declines in the water levels are quite detrimental to aquatic ecosystems in general.
What Climate Scientists Have Claimed?
Climate scientists have suggested that the arid regions will become drier with climate change. Wet areas are supposed to get wetter too. These studies have been instrumental in understanding the ways in which nature can be preserved. Significant water losses have been reported in the humid regions.
It has been assessed that almost 2000 large lakes have used satellite measurements to create climatic and hydrological models. They have discovered that unsustainable human use has caused a main change in rainfall sessions. Runoff banks and sedimentation with rising temperatures have driven down the lake levels by about 53%. The studies have also shown that the main decline in the overall water levels has been most prominent from the years 1992 and 2020.
Solutions Of The Future
What might be the solutions to these issues? Scientists and campaigners alike have agreed that it is necessary to prevent global warming beyond 1.5 degrees Celsius. This will be helpful to prevent the catastrophic consequences of climatic changes. The world is presently suffering at a 1.1 degree Celsius rise in terms of global warming. Any more steps in the same direction will end poorly for human civilization.
It is essential for human beings to understand that they thrive in an ecosystem that contains all living beings. If anthropological activities end up damaging most of the natural resources, there will be no Earth to live on. Therefore, being the most intelligent species on the face of the Earth, it becomes our necessary responsibility to take care of our assets.
Without proper awareness in this respect, most of the surrounding species will fall to ruin. Hence, it is now time to be more careful about the resources we use. Holding back destructive activities can surely help with the current conditions.